Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) 140-2 is a U.S. government standard used to approve cryptography modules. Software security companies that sell into regulated industries implement the FIPS 140-2 standard. Third parties approve the implementations of these standards. Because FIPS 140-2 is both popular and respected by mathematicians it has become a de-facto standard for cryptography in countries and organizations around the world.
ISO 13485 is used by organizations involved in the design, production, installation and servicing of medical devices and related services to manage the quality of such devices. ISO, an international organization, defines the standard while third parties certify that organizations have met the requirements of the standard.